Allies vs Frienemies



Our Allies: Imperfect like all humans. Committed like few humans.

The African American path out of enslavement had both moderate and great allies. The African American path to equality had and has both moderate and excellent allies. The African American path to peace and perpetual prosperity has and will have moderate and great allies. None of us nor our allies are or will be perfect humans. However, we have been plagued with “Frienimies.” With prudence, compassion, data, and technology, Newbeings 1619 builds bridges over racial barriers created by systemic racism. We innovate, or we dissipate.

Pres. Abraham Lincoln

(February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) Was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from 1861 to 1865. Lincoln led the nation through its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis in the American Civil War. He succeeded in preserving the Union, abolishing slavery, bolstering the federal government, and modernizing the U.S. economy. Wiki.

William Lloyd Garrison

(December 10, 1805 – May 24, 1879), Signed and printed his name Wm. Lloyd Garrison, was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, suffragist, and social reformer. He is best known for his widely-read anti-slavery newspaper The Liberator, which he founded in 1831 and published in Boston until slavery in the United States was abolished by Constitutional amendment in 1865. He was one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society, and promoted immediate and uncompensated, as opposed to gradual and compensated, emancipation of slaves in the United States. Wiki.

Robert F. Kennedy

(November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968), Also referred to by his initials RFK and occasionally by the nickname Bobby, was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 64th United States Attorney General from January 1961 to September 1964, and as a U.S. Senator from New York from January 1965 until his assassination in June 1968. He was, like his brothers John and Edward, a prominent member of the Democratic Party and has come to be viewed by some historians as an icon of modern American liberalism. Wiki.

John Brown

(May 9, 1800 – December 2, 1859) He was an American abolitionist. Brown, who said that moral arguments, sermons, and petitions were accomplishing nothing, saw violence as unfortunately necessary if slavery in the United States were to be eliminated. An intensely religious man who at one point studied for the ministry, Brown felt that this was the work God called him to do. Wiki.

Pres. John F. Kennedy

(May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), Often referred to by his initials JFK and Jack, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his work as president concerned relations with the Soviet Union and Cuba. (Also Civil Rights) A Democrat, Kennedy represented Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate prior to becoming president. Wiki.

Harriet Beecher Stowe

June 14, 1811 – July 1, 1896) She was an American abolitionist and author. She came from the Beecher family, a famous religious family, and is best known for her novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852), which depicts the harsh conditions for enslaved African Americans. The book reached millions as a novel and play, and became influential in the United States and Great Britain, energizing anti-slavery forces in the American North, while provoking widespread anger in the South. Wiki.

Cassius Marcellus Clay

(October 19, 1810 – July 22, 1903), Nicknamed the “Lion of White Hall,” he was a Kentucky planter, politician, and emancipationist who worked for the abolition of slavery. He freed the slaves that were handed down as his inheritance from his father. He was a founding member of the Republican Party in Kentucky, and was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as the United States minister to Russia. Clay is credited with gaining Russian support for the Union during the American Civil War. Wiki.

Angelina Grimké

(February 20, 1805 – October 26, 1879) She was an American abolitionist, political activist, women’s rights advocate, and supporter of the women’s suffrage movement. She and her sister Sarah Moore Grimké are the only white Southern women who became abolitionists.[1] The sisters lived together as adults, while Angelina was the wife of abolitionist leader Theodore Dwight Weld. Wiki.


The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses established in the United States during the early to mid-19th century, and used by enslaved African-Americans to escape into free states and Canada. The scheme was assisted by abolitionists and others sympathetic to the cause of the escapees. Not literally but metaphorically a railroad, the enslaved who risked escape and those who aided them are also collectively referred to as the “Underground Railroad”. -Wiki

<<<Home of Levi Coffin
The house of American Quaker and abolitionist Levi Coffin, in Cincinnati, Ohio. His home was a stop along the Underground Railroad, a network of routes, places, and people that helped enslaved people escape to the North. – National Geographic


People who befriend you to steal, sabotage and destroy you.

How to detect Frienemies of African Americans.

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